Scientists and Religious Belief – ARAB TIMES
A A survey conducted by the American Pew Research Center in May 2009 of members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science found that they are much less religious than the general public. More than half of them believe in some form of God or some supernatural power, but the center found that the proportion among the rest of Americans is 95%!
In a more recent survey, 4 in 10 scientists did not believe in supernatural power, but only 4% of their citizens held the same opinion.
The latest survey of scientists closely follows previous surveys, which measured their views on religion, and the first of these experiments was conducted in 1914 by Swiss-American psychologist James Luba, who conducted his research on views of religion. ‘about 1,000 scientists in the United States. States in America to Ask Their Opinions on God The scientific community is also divided, with 42% believing in a specific, identifiable deity, while a similar percentage said the opposite.
More than 80 years later, Edward Larson, a science historian who was teaching at the University of Georgia at the time, reformulated the Luba survey, asking the same questions of the same number of scientists. He found that 40% of scientists believe in a personal God, while 45% say they don’t, and other surveys of scientists have yielded almost similar results.
Given the small number and the low level of belief of a large part of scientists in a supernatural power, it is not surprising that the proportion of those who do not belong to any religion is much higher than among ordinary people. . Thus, it follows that most religious traditions are represented in smaller numbers in the scientific community than in the general public.
For example, we find that the proportion of Protestants in the scientific community is only 21%, despite the fact that evangelicals among them make up only 28% of the American population, and their percentage is only a small segment. (4%) of the scientific population. community. One notable exception is that Jews, who make up a larger proportion of the scientific community (8%), make up only 2% of the general American population.
A Pew Research Center survey also found that levels of religious belief among scientists vary based on their scientific specialization and age group. For example, 41% of chemists believe in some hidden divine power, a higher proportion than those working in other major scientific fields. Meanwhile, young scientists, aged 18 to 34, are more likely to believe in supernatural power than those who are older.
A Pew Center study, linked to religious background, wealth and education, found that Jews are the most educated, with an average share of 13.4 years of schooling, while Christians have 9 ,3 years.
I leave it to you to estimate the per capita share of education in our countries, even though we are the highest in the world in terms of the number of holders of invaluable doctoral degrees.
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By Ahmad alsarraf